Some of crucial areas of the region, by way of plant variety, embody Harput, Lake Hazar and Munzur. Rose Baboian was an Armenian-American cookbook creator who made Western Armenian recipes accessible for youthful generations of Armenians who spoke solely English. Born in Aintab , she survived the Armenian genocide when her faculty was moved to Syria, ultimately relocating to the United States. Mark Zanger, a Boston-primarily based food reporter, wrote that Baboian’s book „stands out as a model of American ethnic food because she recorded so many traditions”. She is considered to have anticipated Armenian American fusion cooking with recipes like „chocolate yogurt”.
Another notable navy commander, Garegin Nzhdeh, lived in Boston, Massachusetts from 1933 to 1937, the place he based the Armenian Youth Federation. Drastamat Kanayan , the Defense Minister of Armenia from 1918 to 1919, lived in America after World War II and was shortly arrested for collaborating with the Nazis. His funeral ceremony was held in Trinity Church within the City of Boston in 1956. Shahan Natalie, a Dashnak activist, organized the Operation Nemesis within the early 1920s, throughout which numerous Armenian Genocide perpetrators had been murdered. From 1910 to 1912 he studied at the Boston University and died in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1983.
Throughout the history Armenians didn’t convert to Islam in giant numbers despite long periods of Muslim rule. During the Arabic conquest, Islam came to the Armenians; nonetheless, only a few Armenians converted to Islam, since Christians were not required to convert by Muslim regulation. According to the Census of 2011, there are 7,587 adherents of Eastern Orthodoxy in Armenia, mainly Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians and Greeks. Russian Orthodox neighborhood is centered round Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God in Yerevan, consecrated in 1912.
Before this, the dominant faith was Armenian paganism, underneath the theological affect of Zoroastrianism. According to Pew Research publication in December 2018 Armenia is the 2nd most spiritual country among 34 European nations with eighty% of respondents saying they imagine in God with absolute certainty. As of 2011, most Armenians are Christians (97%) and are members of Armenia’s personal church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, which is likely one of the oldest Christian churches. It was founded within the 1st century AD, and in 301 AD became the first department of Christianity to become a state religion.
It finds some support from nationalist political parties of Armenia, particularly the Republican Party of Armenia and the Union of Armenian Aryans. According to tradition, Christianity was first introduced to this area by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus within the 1st century AD. Armenia became the first nation to determine Christianity as its state religion when, in an occasion traditionally dated to 301 AD, St. Gregory the Illuminator satisfied Tiridates III, the king of Armenia, to transform to Christianity.
His son Dr. Edgar Housepian was a neurosurgeon, educator, and co-founding father of the Fund for Armenian Relief. Several official US paperwork describe the events as „genocide” (1975, 1984, 1996); President Ronald Reagan additionally described the events as „genocide” in a speech on April 22, 1981. House Committee on Foreign Affairs acknowledged the massacres of 1915 as „genocide.” Also, 49 of the 50 US states have made individual proclamations recognizing the events of 1915 to 1923 as genocide. Homenetmen, an Armenian Revolutionary Federation-affiliated sports activities group, is very lively within the United States, additionally engaged in scouting.
Today, quite a few Armenian newspapers are printed throughout the country. Asbarez (Ասպարէզ, „Arena”) is the one every day, printed in Los Angeles since 1908.
Hairenik (Հայրենիք, „Fatherland”) is revealed since 1899 in Boston. Both are affiliated with the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. Other notable weeklies include The Armenian Weekly, Armenian Mirror-Spectator, Nor Hayastan (Նոր Հայաստան, „New Armenia”), The Armenian Reporter. Today, greater than a hundred and armanian women twenty Armenian parish communities exist on the continent, with two-thirds operating as totally organized churches with sanctuaries. Archbishop Khajag Barsamian is primate of the Eastern Diocese ; Archbishop Hovnan Derderian of the Western Diocese .
Hetanism (Հեթանոսություն, Hetanosutyun) is a neo-ethnic religion motion in Armenia. Adherents call themselves „Hetans” (Hetanos հեթանոս, the Old Armenian biblical time period loaned from Greek ἐθνικός „gentile”). The movement traces its origins back to the work of the early-20th-century political philosopher and revolutionary Garegin Nzhdeh and his doctrine of tseghakron . In 1991, it was institutionalized by the armenologist Slak Kakosyan into the „Order of the Children of Ari” . The movement is strongly related to Armenian nationalism.
Paul Robert Ignatius served because the US Secretary of the Navy from 1967 to 1969 within the Lyndon Johnson’s administration. Ken Khachigian was the chief speechwriter for President Ronald Reagan. He can also be recognized for Reagan’s characterization of 1915 occasions as „genocide” in 1981. Diplomat Edward Djerejian was the US ambassador in Syria then Israel in the Nineteen Nineties.
The Western US department of Homenetmen holds the Navasartian Games in the Los Angeles space every summer since 1975. Today, it brings collectively more than 6,000 athletes from 300 teams, 2,000 scouts. The first Armenian-language newspaper in the US, named Aregak (Արեգակ, „Sun”), was revealed in Jersey City in 1888.
Of the estimated 8-10 million folks living outdoors the Republic of Armenia who consider themselves „Armenians,” the GOAM and major Armenian cultural and advocacy organizations estimate that 1.5-2 million reside within the United States. This quantity ranks second after the estimated 2 to 2.5 million Armenians that reside most of the year in Russia or different CIS Countries. Several main figures in the Armenian national liberation movement of the early 20th century lived and/or died in the US. Among them have been Andranik Ozanian, a military commander who is considered a nationwide hero amongst Armenians, who lived in Fresno, California from 1922 and died in California in 1927.
Harry Tutunjian was the Republican mayor of Troy, New York from 2003 to 2012. Currently, two congresswoman of Armenian ancestry, Anna Eshoo and Jackie Speier, are in the workplace, both Democrats from California. Dr. Moses Housepian, an Armenian-American doctor born within the Armenian village of Kessab in Syria, was a medical aid worker in Russian Armenia during the Armenian genocide.